No-one comes to Italy to make money, you come here because you like the lifestyle. And without sounding like a ‘I drank the juice cliche’ life in Italy is extremely appealing on so many levels — I am not benign to the benefits of living in a European country that typically has decent weather and where the average citizen actually knows which fruit and vegetables are in season (truth).
We probably don’t help the situation by posting pretty pictures on instagram (that’s what it’s for right?). As a blogger who has live here almost 10 years and has been blogging pretty regularly since 2012, I tend to get a lot of emails from readers regarding all spectrum of life. What to pack and how to dress but more often lately ‘what is the work situation like’ and how can I get a job? This leads me to believe that many are thinking to make a life move here. I get it, after all it has never felt more like ‘the time’ to do something drastic, an around the world trip or change careers (this could also be the fact that I am now 31 and just to see more of this happening in an earlier version of a mid-life crisis.
This is further proved by what I tend to see online, you know, those pinterest quotes on ‘living in the moment’, self-love revelations galore, marathon’s completed. Or joining a ‘Whole thirty’ food program which eliminated everything I love in life: cheese, beans and wine, god no! I also recently read The Circle by Dave Eggers which quite honestly scared the shit of me when it comes to high-level white-collar jobs in the tech industry in the states (this is a fiction book btw), or this article about Amazon’s workplace culture. I have mixed feelings about it all, because living in Italy, I have always had a more positive feeling on life in Italy but not really when it comes to work. Like many, I have reasoned that if you want a decent career, you need to be in the States, Australia, UK. I know plenty of Italians that left, the term ‘brain drain’ exists for a reason. And no, they didn’t want to leave, they left because they couldn’t get a decent paying salary. It was one temporary contract after another, with no end in sight.
Hence this month’s COSI subject, aka my blogger round-table little family, has decided to touch on the very sensitive subject of ‘low pay’ in Italy. This is something we all complain about, how hard it is to survive on the salaries paid here. I decided to make my submission a question and answer format, a sort of ‘low pay and work’ FAQ (frequently asked questions) that I get quite often.
Question #1: Can You Help Me Get A Job?
Well no, but luckily I have answered (the best I can) this question in a previous post that I still stand by today :). The thing is that many people under 35 can’t find a job, and this is a very scary, palpable reality for Italy.
Question #2: Is the ‘1,000’ euro generation an accurate statement?
When I got this email, I actually thought, well 1,000 euros a month (after taxes) isn’t that bad for an entry-level worker, is it? This is how you know I’ve lived here for a long time. But generally, from what I personally see, this is pretty true. Think about this 2014 quote from TheDailyBeast “Nine years ago, making 1,000 euro a month was a nightmare for overqualified 30-somethings. Now, with youth unemployment at 46 percent, it’s a dream for many, and the future looks dim.” This was the reality of Italians, graduating from university in 2005, so much so that they wrote a book and made a movie about it.An entry-level college graduate in Italy makes about half (if not less than half) of teh same-level graduate in Switzerland.
Now it has been almost 10 years and it doesn’t feel like much has changed. Heck back then, there was ample talk about the end of the ‘contratto indeterminato‘ (job for life) mentality and a loosening of labor laws, as the article mentions, but I don’t really see it, except for the increase of crappy short-term contracts. Actually if anything, a 1000 a month now is considered decent pay and youth unemployment is scary and very real. If you make over 1,500 a month (after taxes) that is considered hell-to-the-yeah lucky. Inflation of course has gotten higher, services too, but salaries are never increased, naturally.
Another problem that comes with getting a job, for example in the public sector which is considered very desirable by many, is that people never leave them. You don’t see a movement of ideas, shifting of jobs, instead a sort of complacent stagnation that is felt when you go to the post office or similar bureaucratic spot anywhere in Italy. My recent experience getting all of the paperwork for our upcoming wedding was proof enough that changes need to be made.
Question #3 Can An Internship Get Me A Job?
Always a fair question since so many people are seeking a way to just get their foot in the door. Internships can be absolutely an amazing, rewarding experience. I did a few in Los Angeles while I was in college and was grateful for every moment. Here, it is entirely possible to get an internship, but a job out of it, is much more slim of a possibility. Because of the amount of people looking for work, it is really competitive, and many companies cycle out interns without any intentions of hiring them.
There is a new initiative by the government that gives the interns a small stipend, around 500 a month, together with the company which is nice. But another reason that interns don’t get hired too often is that companies can’t afford too, each salary a company pays they basically have to double it because of taxes, so it’s a hard conversation. What bothers me though, from what I personally sawdefinitely personalinterns not really learning much but doing actual high-level work, like graphic design, where they should have been paid a normal salary and the risk was that it was easier to just use interns for these tasks than hire an actual graphic designer.
Question #4 What About Starting A Company In Italy?
Well this is another question that I myself would love to the answer too. I definitely met my fair share of people who thought they could open a startup and become the ‘next Mark Zuckerburg’ but as TheDailyBeast cleverly says ‘ a good idea, is not enough.’ There are a lot of factors to why an idea takes off and becomes a multi-billion dollar success, and it’s not impossible in Italy, just a hell of a lot harder.
For those who dream about working for a startup here, just be prepared to work long hours for free or little pay, but you can keep a fancy job title if you want. Regarding working for yourself, my advice is to talk to anyone, and I mean anyone who has a partitita iva and works for themselves. It will likely scare the shit out of you, but it will be a worthy conversation. Also getting clients to pay, well that is a blog post for another day.
I also have this uncanny feeling that the government views those starting a business with some level of suspicion. Sure the initiatives can seem sweet on the onset, but because of the many years of black-market economy living, the taxes can be extraordinary for anyone attempting to start it off on their own. It’s like saying ‘we know you are going to hide $$$ anyway, so we’ll just squeeze the lifeblood out of anything you actually declare. It doesn’t seem like a very smart system or one that will do anything to increase growth. The bureaucracy is byzantine and almost impossible to understand, you’ll need an accountant and the personal expenses for an individual are really high.
I should say that Italians are incredible innovators but seem blocked on many levels. The ideas are fantastic and I am very impressed with the highly-skilled people I have met in Florence. I have some friends opening businesses, risking everything, and making it happen.
The problem I see in Italy with business or work in general is that people don’t always seem to know how to fail. Failing does not mean you suck, but instead should inspire you to start again, with a different idea. Forget that bella figura! I do think that when it comes to startups, even in Silicon Valley, most of them fail, but in Italy people will keep trying and trying, putting good money after bad, when they should bow out gracefully and start something new.
Question #5: I am a high level x.y,z in the USA, what are my options here?
I think it is awesome that so many people with jobs that I could only dream about would leave it all behind to come here. Do I think they should do it? No. The reason is, I think that if you are unhappy with your job situation, or more honestly, needing a new challenge, the best thing to do is to make that change at home first, before moving to another country where you don’t speak the local language or can even work legally. If the ‘1,000 euros a month’ conversation isn’t scary enough’ the thing is, working in Italy can be so much more based on personal relationships that sometimes, real skill. Also those skills you developed in your home country, might not be as requested here.
For example software engineers make much less in Italy than in other European countries, an entry-level industrial engineer could make around 14,000 a year in Italy while it would be 26,000 a year in France. The best option is to go through an International company that has a branch in Italy, like General Electric or one of these big names that have a branch in Italy. Keep in mind that even ‘good’ jobs (like engineering again) also play interesting tactic when it comes to paying their workforce. I have definitely heard from friends that even in some of these companies, while advancement is hard, getting a pay increase is almost a joke sometimes (like 10 extra euros a month), one that is far from funny. Many times the company essentially makes you feel lucky to have the job and guilty for asking for an increase, thus getting their workforce to do more for basically the same money. I’ve seen this too often to count. It’s pretty sad.
Question #6, If People Make Such Low Salaries, How Can They Survive?
Always a favorite because with the lack of decent pay and no hope of buying a house in one of Italy’s major cities where it can be 5,000 euros per square foot. How does it all work? Well I theorize two options. Number one, is the ‘nonni economy’ or basically the option of parental help. It is not uncommon in Italy to stay at home far longer and buy a house outright, with the help of your parents or inherit one from your grandparents. The nonni of this country worked a little differently than people do now, many started at age 12-14 and saved their money (especially after WWII). Some Italian friends I have with decent jobs go home every weekend and bring back plenty of food by their caring mamma who wants to make sure they eat something decent from M-F, heck I’m not a hater — I wish I could get some of that pasta pomorola too! The nonni economy issue has a lot of drawbacks too.
I definitely had a job where the ones hiring me thought that I was a rich American who got a monthly stipend from my parents (which wouldn’t be uncommon here) thus they could offer me less. Obviously I was pissed and I left, but it definitely didn’t surprise me. Also on a sadder note, all of this family help can lead to a lack of confidence in young people to make it on their own. When your parents scoff at you trying to pay a bill, or just let is slide that you haven’t really been looking for work for 2+ years, well the risk is that you arrive at 35 year’s old without any experience and this does not lead to a happy, fruit-full life. The reigns need to be taken back, and people have to realize that staying in their hometown can be a hinderence to their personal and professional growth. As Suzi Jenkins said ” Nonni may even be paying their children’s mortgages, looking after their grandchildren, financing holidays and more. However, the golden goose will not live forever.”
Alternatively, for those who don’t have the fortune of family help, that situation is much more precarious. Getting a mortgage is hard, you have to put up quite a bit (at least 20% probably even more) up front and with less than 1200 a month for most people, that can be tough. Daily life can be cheaper in some ways here, and much more expensive than other. Yes health care is subsidized but you do have a co-pay, for example a blood test, depending on your salary could be around 30 euros a test. Bus tickets are 1.20 or monthly around 35 euros+ and during the summer, service is cut almost by half. Shopping at the markets is cheaper but when you work Monday through Friday, you don’t always have this luxury. A dinner out is typically around 50 euros for two (more or less) and train tickets can be pricey. In fact one thing I have never been able to wrap my head around in Italy is how some services, like going to the gym, can cost around 80-100 euros a month but they are full of people, I look at that like 10% of my salary, but somehow people pay.When it comes to the cost of childcare, I highly recommend you read this article by Suzi Jenkins, who says it best.
Ps. Not all Italians make crappy salaries, according to The Local Italy, politicians are very much an exception. “Italian MPs earn an average €172,000 a year, according to the most recent data from 2013. This compares to €96,000 earned by British MPs, and the €81,000 that French MPs take home.” If you want to be really furbo and make a lot of money, find a way to cut the hair of these guys because “But it is not only MPs who earn a lot – the barbers paid to style their hair can earn up to €99,000 a year, and that’s after a €37,000 trim last year. A minority of the population have access to high salaries and gains, but the majority face a decline of living standards and wages.
So what about the future?
Sometimes I think that there are so many who have a real, vested interest in keeping the state as is, a bureaucratic nightmare. Pushing red-tape and keeping things ‘as is’ means some people can keep their jobs and innovation and brain drain can continue to occur. Politicians always have so much to say, to criticize but concrete ideas, well those are far and few between. I know it is more complicated than that and there is talk of change but I just have yet to see it in day to day life.
The lifeblood of Italy has always been small and medium businesses but with that comes plenty of problems, ‘hard to fire and hire’, nepotism and the like — and the problems vary from North to South, island to island. What worries me as well is what happens (o0r doesn’t happen) in education, Italians leaving high-school are extremely intelligent, they likely can beat any American in geography and math but what lacks is practical teaching, less theory more action. Serious reform in this sector is truly needed.
And for those many young people who cant’ find jobs, the scary part is just how many people I know that have stopped looking. Young people need to actually feel that working hard, even without insider connections, actually can amount to something. And the ‘al nero’ (black market) economy needs to stop. My hope is a foreigner who has chosen to live here by my own free will, is that this will change, labor laws will start to wake up and smell the espresso. Because day-to-day life is for me, incredible, if I left, it would be because I felt I needed to for my family, but will always look to Italy as the nirvana of simple pleasures and consistent happiness.
Obviously guys, this is 100% an opinion piece and I’d love to hear from you, especially Italiani, on your thoughts about wage and salaries in Italy. Bring on the discussion and check out the stories of others that I compile in my ‘locals I love’ section of the site. I also recommend this article (in Italian) that tackles this same ‘low wage’ question.
This is a COSI-inspired post (You can check out our facebook page here for updates and the latest articles) and here are the posts from my fellow low-wage friends 😉
- Rochelle (Unwilling Expat) – WORKING FOR FREE AND THE ARTE DI ARRANGARSI IN ITALY
- Rick (Rick’s Rome) – Finding a Job in Italy with Liz Knight
- Andrea (Sex lies and Nutella)
- Gina (The Florence Diaries)
- Pete (Englishman in Italy)
- Misty (Surviving in Italy)
- Maria (Married to Italy)